The Land of Five Rivers
Area: 50,362 sq km.
Language: Punjabi, Hindi, English.
Best Time to Visit: October to March.
Capital City: Chandigarh
Airports: Chandigarh and Amritsar.
Location: Located in the North West part of the Indian subcontinent, this rather small shares the most sensitive International border with Pakistan in the West. In the south and the south east are the Indian state borders of Rajasthan and Haryana, while in the North is Jammu and Kashmir, the eastern borders are shared with the state of Himachal Pradesh.
Climate: Being on the North West frontier of India, Punjab experiences a harsh and dry climate. While winters are clod and chilly the summers are equally hot. The brief spells of Monsoons bring about the greenery that the state is famous for.
About Punjab: The land of hard working people Punjab literally means the land of five rivers viz Indus, Beas, Sutlej, Ravi and Ghaggar. Though, ages earlier, Punjab was known as the Land of seven rivers, the Sapt Sindhu, which once flowed through its vast area. These five rivers flowing through this tiny state have transformed the state into a green state with a massive production of wheat and other grains thus giving it a sobriquet of Granary of India. Punjab is a land hallowed by saints and scarred by a turbulent past. With the first planned city of India, Chandigarh, as its capital, Punjab shows how modernity can easily blend with the agricultural necessity. The region that was the part of Indus Valley, Punjab has always been in the eye of the invaders as being the Border region of India. The Aryans were the first to settle here and form their own culture. Although Punjab has a mention in some or the other way in the epic of Mahabharata, the history dates back to the Indus civilization and the later the invasion of Alexander the great in 3rd century B.C. This followed with rules of various rulers including that of Chandragupta Maurya. Many dynastical rules followed in this part of the country until the invasion of the Muslim in the 11th century. The Rajputs, the Chauhans and the Ghoris too had their share of rule over the fertile land of Punjab. Punjab rulers kept changing till the steady rule of the Mughals and later the Militant Sikh rulers. In the early, 19th century the British established their influence. Punjab faced a massive migration and tragedy which followed the partition of Pakistan and India, when a large portion of Punjab went to Pakistan after Independence. It recently faced turbulence with terrorist attacks and other anti - India policies supported by militant activities. The culture of Punjab is similar to its weather, robust, and big hearted like its people. It is a priceless region where Kirpal and tractors walk hand in hand. Punjab is the land where the youngest religion Sikhism got evolved and spread through the horizons. The Golden temple of Amritsar, the palace of Patiala, the garments of Ludhiana and above all the tandoori food of Punjab is what beckons the tourists to this part of India. The colourful costumes of the young men and women performing Bhangra or dancing and singing away to the naughty Giddha, in the green surroundings of the fields after a day's hard work; is a joy to watch. With museums displaying ancient objects those which have been unearthed, proving the ancient civilization of the state to the Palaces standing witness to the royal grandeur, Punjab has everything for tourists. A glimpse of Pakistan, the land which was once united and one can be had from the police post on the International border of Wagha, near Amritsar. Punjab therefore is known as a state of tolerant masses and people who give surplus of wheat to India. A land which has suffered the most and still has taught the world the values of universalism, liberalism, humanism and pluralism…that is Punjab.